Psychological assessment research guided identification of four student attribute measures to assess math anxiety, academic motivation, math confidence, and math usefulness in college students enrolled in Basic and Intermediate Algebra. Over the two year project, these student attribute measures were revised and validated.
The MTSS model with adult learners placed in remedial mathematics course(s) was developed from research on learning mathematics. The National Math Advisory Panel, the Institute for Education Sciences, and related cognitive-behavioral psychology literature provided the conceptual framework for teaching and learning Basic and Intermediate Algebra.
Thirty learning outcomes for pre-college algebra coursework were developed as the formative assessments for the post-secondary MTSS model. Related problem sets from MyMathLab® were then selected for both homework and quizzes to screen for at-risk learners by each learning outcome and refer failing students for additional instructional assistance.