Sexual Harassment is unwelcome sexual advances, unwelcome requests for sexual favor, and other unwelcome verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature, when:
- The unwanted sexual or gender based behavior adversely affects working conditions or learning environment and becomes and obstacle in the individuals day to day life.
- If behavior is sexual or based on gender and would upset a reasonable person.
There are two types of harassment:
- Quid-Pro-Quo or “This for That”- Sex or sexual favors in exchange for benefits
- Hostile Work Environment – interferes with work/school performance The behavior must be sufficiently severe or sufficiently pervasive
Reasonable Person Standard
If someone is upset by sexual misconduct and a reasonable person would also be upset, it’s probably illegal sexual harassment. On the contrary, if someone gets upset by rude behavior and a reasonable person would not be offended, it’s probably not illegal harassment.
What should I do if I am being sexually harassed?
- Don’t Blame Yourself!
- Clearly say “no”! -- Tell the person their behavior offends you
- Write down what happened.
- Report the harassment. -- IT IS VERY IMPORTANT YOU REPORT THE INCIDENT TO THE SCHOOL OFFICIAL
- There is no one way to respond to sexual harassment. Every situation is different, and you can only evaluate the problem and pick the best response.
Examples of sexual harassment:
- Sexual comments, teasing, or jokes
- Suggestive gestures, sounds, or whistles
- Inquiries or discussions about sexual activities
- Pressure to accept social invitations, to meet privately, to date, or to have sexual relations
- Sexual slurs, demeaning or derogatory statements, or other verbal abuse
- Graphic or sexually suggestive comments about an individual’s attire of body
- Unwanted or unnecessary physical contact, sexual touching, brushing up against another in a sexual manner, graphic or sexually suggestive gestures, cornering, pinching, grabbing, kissing, or fondling
- Suggestive, obscene or harassing messages sent via computer or phone;
- Requesting or demanding sexual favors in exchange for employment or academic opportunities (such as promotions, keeping a job, grades, or recommendations).