News Analysts also called newscasters or news anchors—examine, interpret, and broadcast news received from various sources. News anchors present news stories and introduce videotaped news or live transmissions from on-the-scene reporters. News correspondents report on news occurring in the large U.S. and foreign cities where they are stationed.
Sports Information Director
Sports Information Director is responsible for the various sources of media attention to the teams or facilities including writing and printing game schedules, promoting attendance to sporting events, working with outside and in-house media coverage, and arranging and planning advertising and information to play-offs and state championships if the team progresses. This may include producing brochures, posters, newspaper releases, advertising campaigns and even organizing buses and transportation for fans and families of the players.
News writers write a story from information collected and submitted by reporters.
Reporters investigate leads and news tips, look at documents, observe events at the scene, and interview people. Reporters take notes and also may take photographs or shoot videos. At their office, they organize the material, determine the focus or emphasis, write their stories, and edit accompanying video material. Many reporters enter information or write stories using laptop computers and electronically submit the material to their offices from remote locations.
Whenever you watch an advertisement on television, hear one on the radio or read one in the newspaper, a copywriter developed the message being delivered. If you're naturally persuasive and creative and can cram a lot of convincing information into a few words, this job should grab your attention.
News Editors check for accuracy, content, grammar and style. Their primary duty is to plan publications' content while taking into account what's likely to appeal to readers. They also assign topics to reporters and oversee the publication's production.
Technical Writers are responsible for writing any type of document as required by a client. Most technical writers specialize in an area of expertise such as safety standards, computers, vehicle maintenance manuals, or virtually any other type of subject matter. Technical writers are responsible for taking the very difficult to understand technical language and breaking it down into easy to read and understand language for the target user group.
Content producers combine their communication backgrounds with strong technical skills and a knack for working well under pressure. They are responsible for producing new content and proofreading content from others.
Book Editors have a variety of duties which may include planning the content of books. They review and edit drafts of books, offer comments to improve the work, and suggest possible titles. Their primary responsibility is to review proposals for books and decide whether to buy the publication rights from the author.
Grant writers research, develop and author grant proposals on behalf of their employers - corporations, nonprofit organizations, businesses, and government agencies. This process entails becoming familiar with the organization and its projects/programs, financial/budgeting details, finding potential funding to apply for, and compiling, writing, editing and monitoring the grant application process.
PR specialists handle organizational functions such as media, community, consumer, industry, and governmental relations; political campaigns; interest-group representation; conflict mediation; and employee and investor relations. They draft press releases and contact people in the media who might print or broadcast their material. They also arrange and conduct programs to keep up contact between organization representatives and the public.
Publication specialists plan, develop and create graphic designs, layouts and treatments for public information outreach and related materials, including brochures, fact sheets, advertisements, the Annual Report, forms, and brochures. They also coordinate production deadlines for text, photographs and special features.
Radio announcers talk on radio or television. They may interview guests, act as master of ceremonies, read news flashes, identify station by giving call letters, or announce song title and artist. Radio announcers also prepare and deliver news, sports, and/or weather reports, gathering and rewriting material so that it will convey required information and fit specific time slots. In addition they read news flashes to inform audiences of important events.
Operations assistants perform normal operational and programming functions of an FM radio station, including remote control of transmitter and associated log keeping activities. They perform as on-air station operator; programming the station; maintaining accurate program, operations, and transmitter logs; controlling the transmitter. They also assist in the production of broadcast promotions and special announcements and in the production of pre-tape programs and program series.
Music producers design stage lighting, running sound, run music auditions while collaborating with the Director, Choreographer and Production Manager, and set the rehearsal schedule.
News writers write a story from information collected and submitted by reporters. Radio and television reporters often compose stories and report “live” from the scene. At times, they later tape an introduction to or commentary on their story in the studio.
Broadcast News Analyst
Broadcast news analysts analyze and interpret news and information received from various sources in order to be able to broadcast the information. They edit news material to ensure that it fits within available time or space. In addition they examine news items of local, national, and international significance in order to determine topics to address, or obtain assignments from editorial staff members.
Weathercasters are responsible for reporting weather and weather related/environmental stories. They must be adept at ad-libbing information conversationally and disseminating information unscripted in a compelling story telling style.
Sportscasters are journalist on radio and/or television who specializes in reporting or commentating on sporting events. Sportscasting is often done live, "in real-time". Play-by-Play announcers are sportscasters who provide live commentary of a game. This person must have an excellent grasp of the rules of the game being covered along with its nuances. Preparation is a very important task for a successful play-by-play announcer who most often gained their experience in the sport as a player and/or coach. Knowledge of statistics and sports history is a great asset. This person needs an energetic delivery and a very quick wit. In most cases a play-by-play announcer will work with a Color Commentator, but in some cases will have to fly solo. Color commentators are valued for experience and insight into the game, and are often asked questions by the play-by-play announcer to give them a topic for analysis. Color commentators are more likely to be professional broadcast journalists than a participant in the sport, although there are numerous exceptions to these general trends.
Radio operators receive and transmit communications using radiotelegraph or radiotelephone equipment in accordance with government regulations. They repair equipment, operate radio equipment in order to communicate with ships, aircraft, mining crews, offshore oil rigs, logging camps and other remote operations.
Video editors are responsible for assembling the final product as a sequence consisting of shots from the raw camera footage, dialogue, sound effects and graphics. This is a key role in the post-production process and the editor's skill determines the quality and delivery of the final product. The director tells the film editors how to rearrange the scenes that have been shot, what footage to cut, and where to insert music, sound, or optical effects.
Website or Internet Producer
Website or internet producers work with engineering, design, production and marketing departments, using my unique ability to communicate across traditional corporate, technical, artistic and social boundaries. This position requires knowledge of several programs, operating systems, HTML and Web production, digital media formats, or video production/post.
TV announcers may interview guests, act as master of ceremonies, and read news flashes. They prepare and deliver news, sports, and/or weather reports, gathering and rewriting material so that it will convey required information and fit specific time slots. TV announcers also study background information in order to prepare for programs or interviews.
Program directors oversee the coordination and administration of all aspects of an ongoing program including planning, organizing, staffing, leading, and controlling program activities. They develop a program evaluation framework to assess the strengths of the program and to identify areas for improvement. Program directors develop an annual budget and operating plan to support the program.
Assistant News Director
Assistant news directors lead and coach news teams to deliver strong enterprise reporting, excellent storytelling and aggressive breaking news coverage. Their responsibilities include planning and executing special events coverage; scheduling anchors and reporters; conducting performance reviews.
Assignment editors supervise and coordinate activities of radio or television news gathering staff and maintain contact with outside news agencies, police and fire departments, and other news sources to obtain information regarding developing news items. They determine priority and assign coverage to news units and originate or approve ideas for news features.
Sound Engineering Technician
Sound engineering technicians operate machines and equipment to record, synchronize, mix, or reproduce music, voices, or sound effects in sporting arenas, theater productions, recording studios, or movie and video productions.
Technical directors are usually the most senior technical person within a theatrical company or television studio. This person usually possesses the highest level of competence in a specific technical field and may be recognized as an expert in that industry. The technical director provides technical direction on business decisions and in the execution of specific projects. He or she may be assigned to a single project, or may oversee a number of projects with related technologies.
Station managers usually hire and train all employees or oversee the training by department managers in large stations. The station manager may also deal with contract issues with on air personalities as well as work closely with union stewards or other managers within the agency. The station manager has final decision making ability in determining the format for the station and usually interacts directly with the programming director. Station managers have the responsibility for the day-to-day operation of the station including managing the various departments, scheduling on and off air staff, dealing with promotions and other advertising issues as well as ensuring that the station follows are regulations and guidelines.
An animator is responsible for taking an idea and creating a series of drawings that can be used to bring the idea to life. An animator must be a very visual person that can also turn ideas into either lifelike or cartoon style drawings. Some animators use specialized computer programs to both draw and animate their ideas, but they still must have the fundamental understanding of drawing and creating as well as animation and film.
A video or computer game designer develops the layout, concept and game play, the game design of a video or computer game. This may include playfield design, specification writing, and entry of numeric properties that balance and tune the game play. A game designer works for a developer (which may additionally be the game's video game publisher).
Interactive writers are frequently responsible for the development of the design scheme for what ultimately becomes the final media experience for the intended audience. The interactive writer must be a designer, adept at creating stories, design documents, treatments, scripts, proposals, outlines, sitemaps, walk-throughs, and any other material related to the concept, theme, and development of a project. Interactive writers are designers who have a solid understanding of project management, software development, interface design, graphic design, software engineering, and human factors.
Sound Producers design and produce the sound component of multimedia programs and products. They work with music, voice-overs, and sound effects. They can be responsible for a variety of activities ranging from selecting or recording music to digitizing and editing recorded material into computer files. They may work with other sound professionals such as audio engineers (who actually record voice and sound effects), sound designers or special effects specialists, digital sound processors, sound researchers, musicians, and voice artists.
Web Content Producer
Web Content Producers are responsible for drafting, reviewing and editing content for the company web sites. This position ensures that content is consistent, understandable, accessible and that it maintains company standards. This position facilitates web content creation for other company business units in the organization. This position coordinates and produces communications regarding the activities and services of the company’s Web Team.
Webmasters are in charge of maintaining Web sites for companies and individuals on the World Wide Web. This is a job that requires a wide range of skills and abilities, since many webmasters must do much more than simply write computer codes or update links to other Web sites. The webmaster is ultimately responsible for ensuring that a Web site is easy to navigate and that it addresses the needs of the client and its customers.
CD-ROM Developer/ Software Developer
CD-ROM Developers/ Software Developers write, modify, and debug software for client applications. They use source debuggers and visual development environments and write code to create single-threaded or user interface event driven applications, either stand-alone and those which access servers or services. They also test and document software for client applications.
Art directors oversee the artistic design of advertisements and print materials, as well as the filming of television commercials. They are the decision makers who are responsible for the quality of the finished product. The art director chooses a photographer, an illustrator, models, and any props necessary for an ad. If a print ad comes back from the printer with an imperfection, the art director is responsible for retouching it.
Graphic designers plan, analyze, and create visual solutions to communications problems. They find the most effective way to get messages across in print, electronic, and film media using a variety of methods such as color, type, illustration, photography, animation, and various print and layout techniques. Graphic designers develop the overall layout and production design of magazines, newspapers, journals, corporate reports, and other publications. They also produce promotional displays, packaging, and marketing brochures for products and services, design distinctive logos for products and businesses, and develop signs and signage systems—called environmental graphics—for business and government.
Interface designers are graphical user interface (GUI) layout artists. They are employed by multimedia, software, and web development companies. Because GUI elements are interactive, interface design often overlaps interaction design. Because interfaces are not usually composed as single computer files, interface design may require technical understanding, including graphical integration with code. Because, interfaces may require hundreds of assets, knowledge of how to automate graphic production may be required. An interface designer may hold the job title of web designer in a web development company.
Video Producers are responsible for developing, writing, and producing a variety of complex video productions. Duties include: writing scripts for video programs and public service announcements; researching information; editing video; planning staffing, equipment, and materials for video programs, productions, or events; directing video shoots; operating a variety of audio/video equipment such as broadcast video camera, audio board, linear and non-linear editors, lighting and gripping equipment, and microphones; and creating graphics.
Web development is similar to web design except that web developers are involved in every step of the web site design process and in the advertising process as well. They will work with clients in choosing the layout of the site, will suggest colors, font, graphics, and content that should go on each page, and will design and post the finished product online. They will also monitor the site and add new content when appropriate.